Taxation overview

Resident companies
Resident Companies are the Companies whose management and control is exercised in Cyprus. The Corporation Tax for Resident Companies is 12.5%.

Non-resident companies
Non-Resident Companies are the Companies whose management and control is exercised outside Cyprus. The Corporation Tax for the Non-Resident Companies is Nil.

Meaning of Management and Control
In practice, following decided tax cases management and control is exercised where:-

  • The majority of the Directors reside.
  • The Board meetings are held.
  • The general policy of the Company is formulated.

CORPORATION TAX

Corporation Tax Rates
  %
Resident Companies
12.5
Non-resident companies
 Zero

 

Schedule showing how various types of Income are taxed for Resident and Non-resident Companies

TYPE OF INCOME TYPE OF TAX RESIDENT
COMPANIES
NON RESIDENT COMPANIES
CHARGEABLE INCOME Corporation Tax 12.5% 0%
CHARGEABLE INCOME
of a permanent establishment abroad
Corporation Tax 0% 0%
INCOME FROM SALE OF SHARES Corporation Tax 0% 0%
CAPITAL GAINS TAX
There is Capital Gains Tax only if the property is sold in Cyprus
Capital Gains Tax 20% 20%
BANK INTEREST /
NON- TRADING INTEREST INCOME
Defence Tax 30% 0%
TRADING INTEREST
Interest arising from the usual exercise of the ordinary activities i.e. interest on debit balance of clients
Corporation Tax
Defence Tax
12.5%
0%
0%
0%
DIVIDENDS
Paid from one resident CyprusCompany to another resident Cyprus Company
Corporation Tax
Defence Tax
0%
0%
N/A
N/A
DIVIDENDS
Paid from a non-resident Company to a Cyprus resident Company
Corporation Tax
Defence Tax
0%
0% (1)
N/A
N/A
DIVIDENDS
Paid from one resident Company to resident individuals
Paid from one resident Company to non- resident individuals
Defence Tax
Defence Tax
17%
0%
N/A
N/A
RENTAL INCOME Defence Tax
Corporation tax
3% on 75% of rental income
12.5% on profit
N/A
N/A
SHIP MANAGEMENT COMPANIES
SHIP OWNING COMPANIES
CHARTERS
Corporation Tax Tonnage tax or 12.5% corporation tax Tonnage tax or 12.5% corporation tax
INTERNATIONAL TRUSTS Corporation Tax 0% 0%
DOUBLE TAX TREATIES Apply N/A
LOSSES Can be set off against future profits within 5 years from the year that losses incurred N/A
TAX CREDIT According to double tax treaties or unilateral tax credit for non tax treaty Countries N/A

This exemption does not apply:

  • If the company paying the dividend engages directly or indirectly more than 50% in activities which lead to investment income and
  • The foreign tax burden on the income of the company paying the dividend is substantially lower than the tax burden of the Cyprus Company (5%).

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As from 1.1.2010 the three categories will be taxed under Tonnage Tax.

Tonnage Tax Rates

Net Tonnage

0-1.000 1.001-10.000 10.001-25.000 25.001-40.000 >40.000
€ 36,50
Per 100 NT
€31,03
Per 100 NT
€20,08
Per 100 NT
€12,78
Per 100 NT
€7,30
Per 100 NT

Note: The rates applicable to ship managers are 25% of the above.

Sample calculation of the annual tonnage tax for a 19.538 net tonnage vessel:

1.000 NT: 1000/100 = 10 x € 36,50 = € 365,00
9.000 NT: 9000/100 = 90 x € 31,03 = € 2.792,70
9.500 NT: 9500/100 = 95 x € 20,08 = € 1.907,60
38 NT : 38/100 = 0,38 x € 20,08 = € 7,63

Annual tonnage tax due = € 5.072,93

Capital Gains Tax is levied on gains from the disposal of immovable property or shares in a company which owns immovable property at the rate of 20%. If the property was acquired before 1.1.1980 the cost is deemed to be its market value as at 1.1.1980. A cost adjustment is allowed based on the increase in the R.P.I. between the date of purchase (or 1.1.1980 if earlier) and the date of sale. Lifetime gains arising on disposal of immovable property by individuals are exempt as follows:

  • €17.086 on disposal of any property
  • €25.629 on disposal of agricultural land
  • €85.430 on disposal of a residence
No capital gains tax is levied on immovable property sold abroad.
Standard rate (goods and services) 19%
Reduce rate (hotels, restaurants etc) 9%
Reduce rate  (newspapers, books, animal food, food supplies, medicines etc.) 5%
Financing insurance services etc Exempted

Residents of Cyprus are liable to Defence Tax of the following incomes:

%
Dividend Income to Cyprus Tax residents
17
Bank interest
30
Other non trading interst 30
Gross rental income less 25%
3
Interest from Cyprus government saving bonds and  developments bonds and interest earned by provident fund
3

* Tax Residents of Cyprus

Up to 2016 tax year, an individual is considered to be tax resident in Cyprus if he was in Cyprus for more than 183 days in any calendar year.

Effective from 1.1.2017, an individual can be considered as tax resident in Cyprus if he spends at least 60 days in Cyprus provided that the individual:

a) do not reside on any other country for more than 183 days, and
b) are not tax resident in any other country, and
c) have other defined Cyprus ties. To satisfy this condition the individual must
i. carry business in Cyprus and/or
ii. be employed in Cyprus and/or
iii. hold an office of a Cyprus tax resident company (i.e. director), provided that is not terminated during the tax year
iv. Further the individual must maintain permanent residence in Cyprus, either owned or rented

The previous “183 day rule” is also maintained so that an individual staying in Cyprus for more than 183 days in a year is automatically tax resident in Cyprus

Cyprus tax resident individuals either under the “60 day rule” or “183 day rule” are subject to taxation in Cyprus on their worldwide income.

In addition, Cyprus tax resident individuals who are Non- Domiciled in Cyprus are exempt from taxation on dividend income earned worldwide and on passive interest income.

No taxation on emoluments earned abroad

SPECIAL CONTRIBUTION

Employees are subject to income tax on the following tax rates:

        Cumulative
  Income

Rate

%

Tax

Income

Tax

First 19.500 0 0 19.500 0
Next 8.500 20 1.710 28.000 1.700
Next 8.300 25 2.075 36.300 3.775
Next 24.700 30 7.410 60.000 11.185
Over 60.000 35
·   First time employment of a non-resident 20% deduction of his emoluments or up to €8.543 whichever is the lower for each of the next 5 years ( up to 2020)
·   A non- tax resident employed in Cyprus with emoluments excluding €  100.000 per annum 50% deduction is allowed for such income for the first 10 years of employment.

Social Insurance Rates

  Employer’s contribution

Employee contribution

Social Insurance 8.3% 8.3%
Social Cohesion Fund 2%
Redundancy Fund 1.2%
Industrial Training Fund 0.5%
Holiday Fund (if not exempt) 8%

Maximum insurable  amount is EUR4.533 per month

National Health System Law

introduction of contribution effective from 1.3.2019

Contributions 01/03/2019 – 29/02/2020 01/03/2020 onward
Employees/retirees/income earners 1.70% 2.65%
Employers 1.85% 2.90%
Self-employed 2.55% 4.00%
The state 1.65% 4.70%
Contributions are to be applied to a max level of taxable income (including dividends, interest & rental income) of €180,000 per annum.